TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Data of Controls and PD Patients

GroupAgeSexMMSEDisease duration (y)H-Y stageUPDRS motorLEDs
Controls60.3 ± 79 M/1F29.4 ± 1NANANANA
PD patients60.2 ± 99 M/1F28.7 ± 13.1 ± 41.418.9 ± 7348.6 ± 268
  • Data are mean ± SD.

  • MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination; H-Y stage = Hoehn and Yahr stage; UPDRS = Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale; LED = Levodopa-equivalent dose; NA = not applicable.