TABLE 1

Characteristics of Study Population

CharacteristicValue
Age (y)48 ± 12
Male sex43 (46%)
Diabetes mellitus duration (y)15 ± 13
Body mass index (kg/m2)28 ± 6
Hemoglobin A1c (mmol/L)8.0 ± 1.6
Smoking23 (25%)
Family history of CAD42 (45%)
Hypercholesterolemia62 (66%)
Hypertension47 (50%)
Type 1/type 2 diabetes mellitus45/50
Diabetes treatment
 Diet only5 (5%)
 Oral agent14 (15%)
 Oral agent and insulin21 (22%)
 Insulin54 (57%)
Cardiovascular medication use
 Statin41 (43%)
 Aspirin14 (15%)
 Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor15 (16%)
 β-blocker9 (9%)
 Angiotensin II antagonist12 (13%)
 Calcium channel blocker7 (7%)
 Diureticum10 (11%)
  • Data are average ± SD, or number followed by percentage in parentheses.